Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2018)
Essential oil composition of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) fruits
Author(s): Ruba Joujeh, Ahmed Kattaa, Mohamed Naseh Olabi, Dima Joujeh
Abstract: Coriandrum sativum L. belongs to the family Apiaceae, is an annual herb, known worldwide for its folk medicinal properties. The present research work aimed to appraise the yield and chemical composition of the essential oil isolated from the fruits of Coriander cultivated in Syria. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis of the essential oil was performed to authenticate the profile of chemical constituents. Hydrodistilled essential oil content from Coriander ripe fruits was found to be 1.4%. A total of 32 chemical constituents were identified, mostly of monoterpene hydrocarbons compounds. Linalool with contribution of (73.92%) was found to be the principal constituent. The other major compounds were geranyl acetate (4.43%), camphor (2.59%), o-cymene. Overall, C. sativum essential oil from Syria is rich in beneficial chemical compounds and the fruits have a health-supporting reputation. An in-depth research work on the antioxidant principles and biological bioactivities of Coriander fruits essential oil is further recommended.