Phytochemical Screening of Abelmoschus esculentus From Leptis area at Al-Khums Libya
Dheba Mohammed Abobaker, Salem Mohamed Edrah, Khaled Altwair
Abelmoschus esculentus L. is used in Libya as a nutrient and as a medicinal plant for treating many diseases. The coarse powders of Abelmoschus esculentus L fruits and leaves were subjected to successive extraction with Distilled water and Ethyl Alcohol solvents (each separately) by maceration method. Qualitative and quantitive phytochemical analysis of fruits and leaves of aqueous and ethanolic crude extracts of this plant showed the presence of various phytochemical constituents such as tannins, steroid, flavonoids, saponin, alkaloids, anthraquinones, phenol, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides, while resin is present in the leaves aqueous crude extracts and absent in ethanolic crude extracts of fruits. Some of these secondary metabolites like alkaloids, phenolic and terpenoids were examined by visualizing tests were for more predictable intended for a presence of each within using TLC analysis. The quantitative results of the fruits and leaves crude extracts of Abelmoschus esculentus L. revealed the percentage yield of the chemical constituents 31.6 and 20.2 for leaves aqueous and ethanolic crude extracts and for fruits was 17.6 and 13.4 % respectively. While the 11.7, 16.4 and 9.4 each for flavonoids, saponin and alkaloids for fruits and 33.6, 28.21 and 18.7 for leaves respectively. Furthermore, there is no previous preliminary phytochemical, and evaluation of their therapeutic properties and other evidence about this medicinal plant in Libya.
Dheba Mohammed Abobaker, Salem Mohamed Edrah, Khaled Altwair. Phytochemical Screening of Abelmoschus esculentus From Leptis area at Al-Khums Libya. International Journal of Chemical Science, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 48-53